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        美国历届总统简介:第3任总统 托马斯杰斐逊

        时间:2020-08-13 12:49:39
        Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States. He was born in 1743 in Virginia and died on July 4, 1826. He was the third of ten children and grew up on his father's 5,000-acre plantation. He studied law at college. Jefferson is frequently listed as one of the USA's greatest Presidents. He was also one of its most powerful advocates of personal freedom and envisioned a great "Empire of Liberty".

        托马斯·杰斐逊是美国第三任总统。1743年,他出生在美国弗吉尼亚州,并于1826年7月4日逝世。杰斐逊有十个兄弟姐妹,他排行第三,且从小成长在父亲经营的5000亩种植园中。在大学里,他学的是法律。人们常将杰斐逊列入美国最伟大总统的行列。杰斐逊强烈支持人身自由,他还设想过一个伟大的“自由帝国”。

        Jefferson became a lawyer in 1767 and had a great love of books. He was a very eloquent correspondent using the written word, but was no public speaker. At the age of 33, Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence. In the following years, he labored to make its words a reality in Virginia. Most notably, he wrote a bill establishing religious freedom, which became law in 1786.

        1767年,杰斐逊成了律师,并非常热爱书籍。他是位雄辩的记者,能熟练地使用书面语,但他不是演说家。在杰斐逊33岁时,他起草了《独立宣言》。在接下来的几年里,他到弗吉尼亚践行《独立宣言》。更难能可贵的是,他建立了一项宗教自由法案。该法案于1786年成为美国法律。

        Jefferson succeeded Benjamin Franklin as minister to France in 1785. His sympathy for the French Revolution led him into conflict with the party of the Federalists. He gradually assumed leadership of the Republicans and became Vice President in 1796. In 1801, he became America's third President and served from 1801 to 1809. He advocated tax cuts and presided over the abolition of the slave trade in 1807.

        1785年,继本杰明·富兰克林之后,杰斐逊担任了驻法外交部长。他同情法国大革命,这使他陷入了与联邦党人的冲突。后来,他逐渐成为了共和党人的领袖,并于1796年被推选为美国副总统。1801年,他被选为美国第三任总统,任期自1801年至1809年。杰斐逊支持减税,并于1807年主持废除奴隶贸易。

        While in Office, Jefferson purchased the vast Louisiana Territory from France in 1803 and authorized expeditions to explore the new west. He also established the University of Virginia and the US Military Academy at West Point. He is remembered by the Jefferson Memorial in Washington and as one of the four sculpted presidents on the Mount Rushmore Memorial. He also appears on US postage stamps.

        在杰斐逊任职期间,也就是1803年,杰斐逊从法国买下了路易斯安那的大片土地,并允许考察队在这探索。他还成立了美国弗吉尼亚大学和西点军校。为纪念杰斐逊,人们在华盛顿成立了杰斐逊纪念馆;将他的模样刻成雕像,摆放在拉什莫尔纪念馆中——拉什莫尔纪念馆中摆着四位总统的雕像,杰斐逊便是其中之一;并将他的肖像影印在美国邮票上。
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